Pulp and paper industry in India, during the last 14-15 years has been involved in encouraging small land holders to adopt to growing short rotation, pulpwood species on their marginal or unproductive lands under buy back assurance and shift its dependence for fibrous raw materials to non forest sources. The main species used in agro and farm forestry programmes are Subabool, Eucalyptus, Acacia, Casuarina and Bamboo.
Under farm forestry model unproductive land is planted only with fast growing species. This model also provides for growing trees along with cash crops such as pulses, cotton, soyabean and turmeric etc. for the first two years. The farmers are supplied good quality plants and are assured buyback of the wood produce by industry.